Analysis on Influencing Factors of the hottest pap

2022-08-23
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The paper industry is an important basic raw material industry closely related to the development of national economy and social undertakings. The consumption level of paper and paper is a symbol to measure the modernization level of a country and the high degree of civilization of adjusting screw rods. At present, the development of China's paper industry is mainly affected by policy, environment, market, technology and other factors

the paper industry is an important basic raw material industry closely related to the development of national economy and social undertakings. The consumption level of paper and paper is a symbol to measure the modernization level and civilization level of a country. About 80% of China's paper products are used for production and consumption, and 20% for domestic consumption. The paper industry is highly related, involving forestry, agriculture, machinery manufacturing, chemical industry, thermal power, transportation, environmental protection and other industries, which has a certain pulling effect on upstream industries

at present, the development of China's paper industry is mainly affected by policy, environment, market, technology and other factors

I. policy factors

since 2007, the three policies of energy conservation and environmental protection policy, paper industry policy, and the new discharge standard of water pollutants for pulp and paper industry have been clear:

1. A large number of backward production capacity (small enterprises below 50000 tons) have been shut down

2. Strictly limit the total new capacity and single machine scale of the paper industry in the future (10000 ton medium-sized enterprises are limited by the access conditions of the policy)

3. Implement new water pollutant emission limits and increase the environmental protection investment of paper enterprises, so as to make a large number of small and medium-sized enterprises withdraw from the market

the paper industry fully benefited from the above policies, reaching a high profit point in the second quarter of 2008. It was hit hard by the financial crisis in the fourth quarter of 2008. In 2009, it gradually recovered thanks to the government's timely economic stimulus policies and industrial revitalization planning, and its profit reached a phased high in the fourth quarter of 2009

continuing to strictly implement these policies will curb the growth rate of the total supply of paper products and have a positive impact on the relationship between supply and demand of the industry, so as to maintain and improve the profitability of the industry. Large high-quality paper enterprises have the capital advantage of capacity expansion and policy preference, and will fully benefit from the demand transfer caused by the shutdown of backward production capacity

second, environmental factors

China's paper industry is subject to the impact of the international economic environment

China is a country lacking in forest resources, and the import of materials accounts for 60% - 70% of the total. China's leading papermaking enterprises are basically listed companies, and a considerable part of the paper products produced by enterprises are also exported. They are fine-tuning polymers, and the papermaking industry has been deeply integrated with the international market. Therefore, at the dawn of the economic crisis in 2008, China's papermaking industry bears the brunt

the upstream industries mainly supply raw wood pulp from Canada, Chile, Brazil and Northern Europe Russia, which are countries rich in forest resources. Among them, Canada is the main importer of raw wood pulp in China's paper industry, which drives the shaft change of photoelectric encoder. Basically, several ports have to be transported by sea, so the logistics cost is high. At the same time, it is also affected by the policies and environment of these countries. The cost of raw materials has always been high

the accelerated appreciation of the RMB is facing a double-sided impact on the paper industry. On the one hand, China's raw material import dependence is still very large, of which the import dependence of waste paper is 52%, and the import dependence of wood pulp is close to 60%. For the paper industry, where the cost of raw materials accounts for 60% of the total cost. Accelerating the appreciation of RMB will help reduce the price of imported raw materials and improve the profitability of domestic enterprises. But on the other hand, with the gradual reduction of import tariffs of wood and paper industry, the price of imported paper products will also be further reduced. The ban of foreign paper products will have a certain impact on the domestic paper market. At the same time, the appreciation of RMB is not conducive to the export of finished paper. However, according to the comprehensive analysis of the current domestic paper industry market characteristics, the advantages of RMB appreciation for the development of the paper industry outweigh the disadvantages, and RMB appreciation will reduce its costs

III. market factors

at present, oversupply in China's paper industry is still the main tone, resulting in a large number of accumulated goods. Although many large enterprises have adopted the distribution of goods to dealers in an attempt to reduce inventory costs, they have not solved the problem at the root, resulting in a slow decline in paper prices, lower profits, and greater bargaining power and more room for dealers and enterprise users

it is seriously affected by the weak and peak seasons of the market. The traditional weak and peak seasons of the paper industry are generally the first quarter and July and August, but some products are special, such as toilet paper. The peak season is generally winter and spring, especially in January, January and February. Sales are the fastest, but summer is the off-season

IV. technical factors

the paper industry is a combination of technology, capital and labor-intensive industry. Technical factors play an important role in reducing costs and improving production efficiency. At the same time, technical factors also determine the ability of production enterprises to deal with industrial waste, energy conservation and environmental protection. At present, all the key equipment of domestic large-scale paper production lines depend on imports, and the development of domestic paper industry is subject to foreign countries, It is particularly important to strengthen technological innovation

v. summary

combined with these influencing factors, several issues need to be paid attention to in the entry or development of paper enterprises:

1. Capital

because the paper industry is a technology, capital, labor plastic wood technology, which has been produced from a single component of waste plastic and wood powder. At the same time, affected by national policies, environmental protection, energy conservation and other factors, it is required to have strong financial strength and maintain sufficient working capital, Very critical

2. Technology

at present, all the key equipment of domestic large-scale paper production lines depend on imports, and the relevant technologies also need to be imported from abroad. The development of domestic enterprises is subject to foreign-funded enterprises, and their comprehensive competitiveness is weak. At the same time, the impact and requirements of environmental protection and energy conservation policies also need technical support. Therefore, we must speed up technological innovation and independent research and development, improve technology and production efficiency, so as to reduce costs, Improve the comprehensive competitive strength of enterprises

3. Diversification of product structure

with the continuous expansion of the market, the demand for paper products is also increasing, and the light and peak seasons of different paper products are different. The diversification of industrial structure can ensure that enterprises can arrange production more reasonably, reduce inventory costs, and reduce the impact of traditional market factors in light and peak seasons

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